[60] After the exchanges with Hooke, Newton worked out proof that the elliptical form of planetary orbits would result from a centripetal force inversely proportional to the square of the radius vector. He demonstrated that the motion of objects on Earth and celestial bodies could be accounted for by the same principles. Isaac Newton suffered two nervous breakdowns. He was so small because he was born ... Isaac Newton’s father was also called Isaac Newton.

Every elementary school student learns about Sir Isaac Newton, the man who famously discovered gravity by having an apple drop from a tree and hit him on the head. Two writers think that the above quotation, written at a time when Newton and Hooke were in dispute over optical discoveries, was an oblique attack on Hooke (said to have been short and hunchbacked), rather than—or in addition to—a statement of modesty. The knighthood is likely to have been motivated by political considerations connected with the parliamentary election in May 1705, rather than any recognition of Newton's scientific work or services as Master of the Mint. When Robert Hooke criticised some of Newton's ideas, Newton was so offended that he withdrew from public debate.

[94], In 1888, after spending sixteen years cataloguing Newton's papers, Cambridge University kept a small number and returned the rest to the Earl of Portsmouth. Due to his shy and quiet nature, Newton was bullied at school. Newton actually studied for a degree in law. The Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton: A Selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library, Cambridge, ed. He had more than 15 minutes of fame during his era because of his theories, which is pretty remarkable considering how he was born. 6. "[30] His use of methods involving "one or more orders of the infinitesimally small" is present in his De motu corporum in gyrum of 1684[31] and in his papers on motion "during the two decades preceding 1684". Originally, according to the “old” Julien calendar, he was born on Christmas Day in 1642. With the publication of Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica in 1687, Newton lay the groundwork for modern physics. ", Dobre and Nyden suggest that there is no clear evidence that Voltaire was present; see p. 89 of, Letter from Isaac Newton to Robert Hooke, 5 February 1676, as transcribed in, Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton (1855) by Sir David Brewster (Volume II.

"[118] Snobelen concludes that Newton was at least a Socinian sympathiser (he owned and had thoroughly read at least eight Socinian books), possibly an Arian and almost certainly an anti-trinitarian. "The Mathematical principles underlying Newton's Principia Mathematica". [46], From this work, he concluded that the lens of any refracting telescope would suffer from the dispersion of light into colours (chromatic aberration). Today we celebrate Newton’s birthday as January 4th.

[73][74] These appointments were intended as sinecures, but Newton took them seriously. He guessed the same force was responsible for other orbital motions, and hence named it "universal gravitation". The loss of his mother left Newton with a lingering insecurity that followed him the rest of life. As a proof of the concept, he constructed a telescope using reflective mirrors instead of lenses as the objective to bypass that problem. Combining powdered toad with the excretions and serum made into lozenges and worn about the affected area drove away the contagion and drew out the poison". https://www.factinate.com/people/42-genius-facts-isaac-newton

Cambridge: Harvard University Press, Newton, I. Newton’s Principia was the collection of three books, in which Isaac Newton wrote about the theory of gravity along with many other ideas.

In the book, he shares three important laws of motion as we know them as Newton’s three laws. [136] The clarity and simplicity of science was seen as a way to combat the emotional and metaphysical superlatives of both superstitious enthusiasm and the threat of atheism,[137] and at the same time, the second wave of English deists used Newton's discoveries to demonstrate the possibility of a "Natural Religion".